Information Processing Model (IPM)

Retrieved from: https://misshanks2014.wordpress.com/the-multi-store-model-of-memory/

 

The Information Processing Model 

The Information Processing Model is a framework used to describe the mental process of storing memory by comparing the mind to a computer. The human mind is comparable to a computer in that it intakes information, organizes the information into codes, and stores information for retrieval at a later time. 

Remember All Students Learn by Remembering...

A=Attention

  • Teachers can get student attention by committing to actions that attract student interest. For example, the teacher can minimize distractions in the classroom and obtain student interest by using cues and gestures, implementing media and technology, or even by telling a story. 

S=Short-term memory

  • Also known as "Working Memory". A students capacity for short term retention is between 5 and 9 minuties. The duration without rehearsal (practice) is only about 30 seconds!

L=Long-term memory

  • A student's long term memory has an unlimited capacity and potential duration. Forgetting is caused by information NOT being encoded correctly into long term memory or interference in "downloading" the data. 

R=Rehearsal and Retrieval 

  • Some great tools to improve retrieval(remembering) fall into the category of rehearsal or practice. Tools like rote rehearsal, chunking, mnemonic devices, and taking notes can improve long term encoding practices. 

All learning involves remembering. Every student who enters the classroom has limited short-term or working memory and an unlimited capacity for long-term memory creation. Encoding practices that create links between previous learning or engage quality rehearsal practices improve retrieval. 

References: https://sites.google.com/site/cognitiveapproachtolearning/cognitiveinformationprocessing

To teach a lecture about the Information Processing Model, take a look at this great PowerPoint written by Dr. Greg Miller: